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Regional target of 11 million people by 2032

September 13 2022

The Regional Australia Institute (RAI) has set a target of 11 million people living prosperously outside the capital cities by 2032, a key goal announced as part the Regionalisation Ambition 2032 launched at its National Summit in Canberra today.

Achieving this target will see an extra 500,000 people living in the regions, above the estimated prediction of 10.5 million.

RAI CEO Liz Ritchie said the Regionalisation Ambition 2032 – a Framework to Rebalance the Nation, was a national first. It places 20 key targets at the centre of strengthening our regions which will close the divide between life in the city and the country.

It focusses on regional housing, education, health, jobs and skills, digital inclusion, transport, childcare, community participation, migration, climate, innovation and the resilience of regional communities – as well as population.

“Today marks an historic day, and the start of a collective national movement to see a more productive and liveable Australia,” Ms Ritchie said.

The Regionalisation Ambition 2032 sets out the goals and targets under 5 key pillars - Jobs and Skills, Liveability, Population, Productivity and Innovation and Sustainability and Resilience.

After 11 years of research, these are the areas the RAI says are holding regions back. The Regionalisation Ambition 2032 aims to put regional Australians on a ‘level playing field’.

“Regionalisation is about delivering on the potential of regional Australia and rebalancing our nation,’ Ms Ritchie said.

We’ve seen more than a 100 percent jump in job vacancies in the last 2.5 years. More than 3.7 million regional Australians live in a ‘childcare desert’. Regional home building approvals have declined in five out of the last 10 years. Remote students do half as well as their metropolitan counterparts in NAPLAN.

“These issues are all interlinked, complex and equally as important, so the development of a holistic and integrated framework is a momentous step forward to achieving better outcomes for all,” Ms Ritchie said.

“We know that you can’t solve the jobs crisis without addressing housing. We know you can’t solve the skills deficit, without improving education standards. Healthcare can’t be improved without focussing on digital connectivity.

“But achieving the targets we have set for 2032 is a challenge not just for the RAI, or even government. For regionalisation to be truly realised, it needs to be a collective effort, a national effort to rebalance the nation - and all Australians have a part to play,” Ms Ritchie said.

Economic modelling commissioned by the RAI also shows when regional Australia reaches 11 million people, national output will reach $2.3 trillion by 2032.

“This is $13.8 billion more than under a ‘business as usual’ scenario,” Ms Ritchie said.

“People are voting with their feet and looking for a different life beyond our capitals. Move to More is now more apparent than ever before. But we can’t shift the population dial further if the critical issues facing regions aren’t addressed,” Ms Ritchie said.

At Federation, just under two thirds of Australia’s population lived in the regions. Now, just under two thirds of Australia’s population is living in the capitals, and the cities of Sydney and Melbourne on a trajectory to ‘megacity’ status – more than 10 million – by the middle of this century.

“Our research tells us that a megacity future isn’t the right outcome for Australia. We know as a nation we will be happier, more sustainable and more productive if we alter the path we are on,” Ms Ritchie said.

The Framework was developed in conjunction with RAI’s members: leading Australian businesses, local governments and other regional changemakers.

“Today, we also launch the pledges our members have made to bring the ambition to life. During the past 12 months, we have been working with these key players, to show the country what is possible when collective action is undertaken to help achieve the goals set out in the Regionalisation Ambition 2032.

“We are now calling on industry, government, the private sector and community representatives to show their support, by pledging here.

Each year, the RAI will release a progress report outlining an update of pledges and the collective actions undertaken to reach each target by 2032.

The Regionalisation Ambition 2032 will be launched at the RAI’s National Summit - Regionalisation – Rebalancing the Nation at Hotel Realm in Canberra. The Hon. Catherine King, Minister for Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Local Government will open the Summit at 8:00am Tuesday 13 September.

For a full copy of the Regionalisation Ambition 2032 can be found here. For more information about the National Summit, please click here.

Jobs and Skills

  1. Reduce the recruitment difficulty rate in regional Australia to below 40%
  2. Increase the share of skilled workers employed in regional Australia to 80% of the regional workforce.
  3. Increase the school attainment rate of young people in regional Australia to 75% or above.
  4. Boost post-school qualification completion in regional Australia to 65% or above.


  1. Continue to increase the life satisfaction and wellbeing score of Australians living in regional communities to a score of 75, according to the Regional Wellbeing Survey.
  2. Increase regional Australia's Digital Inclusion Index score to 73 or above, equal to metropolitan Australia.
  3. Improve access to transport services in and between regional communities.
  4. Increase rental vacancy rates in regional areas to above 3%, and ensure annual building approvals keep pace with population growth.
  5. Lift the access to medical practitioners in regional Australia by over 100 FTE per 100,000 population.
  6. Halve the population classified as living in a regional childcare desert (to below 2 million).
  7. Increase the percentage of students in regional Australia who achieve at or above the minimum standard in NAPLAN testing, equal to metropolitan students, across each year level.
  8. Strengthen access and opportunities for engagement in arts, cultural, community, and recreational experiences in Regional Australia.


  1. Over 11 million Australians living prosperously in the regions by 2032.
  2. Increase regional Australia's younger population share (aged 15-39 years) to 35% by 2032.
  3. Double the proportion of new migrants settling in regional Australia by 2032.

Productivity and Innovation

  1. Increase regional Australia’s contribution to national output, boosting Australia’s GDP by an additional $13.8 billion by 2032.
  2. Increase workforce participation in regional Australia to 68% or higher.
  3. Increase new business and innovation in regional Australia.

Sustainability and Resilience

  1. Regional Australia is trending towards net zero emissions by 2050, unlocking new jobs and industry opportunities.
  2. 90% or more of regional Australia has a moderate to high capacity for disaster resilience.